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Coastal hazards

Victoria has over 2,500 km of coastline, including extensive sandy beach systems, rocky coasts, bays, inlets and estuaries, coastal lakes and floodplains. These diverse bio-cultural landscapes have been nurtured by Traditional Owners of Country for countless generations, and are dynamic environments shaped by natural coastal processes.

At times, coastal processes including erosion, inundation, and other physical/chemical processes, may have a negative impact on coastal values and uses. When this occurs, we often refer to these processes as coastal hazards.

Coastal hazard exposure occurs periodically across the coast, and is projected to increase with changes in wave action, storm activity and sea level rise associated with climate change.

Developing a statewide approach

Victoria’s Resilient Coast – Adapting for 2100+ will provide a statewide approach for coastal hazard resilience and adaptation. This will include a framework, guidelines, and support for Local Government, land managers and their communities to:

  • Enable place-based, leading practice and long-term coastal hazard adaptation.
  • Build on the directions in the Marine and Coastal Policy 2020.

In building on the Policy directions, Victoria’s Resilient Coast will provide a staged approach to the technical, strategic and engagement elements of the adaptation planning process including:

  • Scoping needs
  • Values, vision and objective setting
  • Coastal hazard assessment
  • Vulnerability and risk assessment
  • Adaptation options and evaluation
  • Adaptation plan, pathways and implementation
  • Monitoring and review.

The statewide approach is being developed through a collaborative process, including a project partnership with Traditional Owners, and a Working Group including representatives from coastal Councils, Committees of Management, Catchment Management Authorities, government agencies, water authorities and peak body groups.

Our Victorian framework and guidelines will be informed by:

  • Leading research on climate adaptation
  • National / international approaches
  • Victoria’s place-based adaptation needs
  • The collaborative development process.

Project timing

The collaborative development of the statewide approach is ongoing over June 2021 to early 2022.

From early 2022, initial pilot implementation of the framework and guidelines will commence, with ongoing review.

Further information and resources

If you would like to know more please email vicresilientcoast@delwp.vic.gov.au


Victoria's Marine and Coastal Policy 2020

Victorian Draft Marine and Coastal Strategy 2021

Coast Adapt

Page last updated: 23/11/21